First Things First : After Installing Ubuntu

After installing Ubuntu, you must have wondered what next… This new OS can’t even play an audio or video file.. But wait! this is not trash. Well you need to download required libraries to enable this feature here. In some countries, downloading them is not in accordance with law, so Ubuntu does not provide them with installation package. These are called ‘Ubuntu Restricted Extras‘. Well as a new user of Ubuntu you need to download and install many other applications too, or else you’ll have to do so later. Here I’ll provide two ways to download and install these applications. So, lets take a look at what you can do add to this fresh installation:

1. Ubuntu Restricted Extras

As stated above, these are essential requirements which must be installed just after finishing Ubuntu installation. They provide compatibility for audio and video formats like mp3 and mp4 files. It is a meta package which include:

  • Support for MP3 and unencrypted DVD playback
  • Microsoft TrueType core fonts
  • Flash plugin
  • codecs for common audio and video files

via Software Center – apt://ubuntu-restricted-extras

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

2. VLC Media Player

Well so now you can watch video and enjoy audio. So, let’s get our favorite media player – VLC. Remember you were using it on Windows too. So, let me tell you VLC is a FOSS and so available for Linux distros.

via Software Center – apt://vlc

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

3. Calibre

Calibre is an open source e-book library manager. It is meant to be a complete e-library solution. It includes library management, format conversion, news feed to e-book conversion as well as e-book reader sync features. Supported e-book formats are: MOBI, LIT, PRC, EPUB, ODT, HTML, CBR, CBZ, RTF, TXT, PDF and LRS.

via Software Center – apt://calibre

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:n-muench/calibre
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install calibre

Also via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo python -c "import sys; py3 = sys.version_info[0] > 2; u = __import__('urllib.request' if py3 else 'urllib', fromlist=1); exec(u.urlopen('http://status.calibre-ebook.com/linux_installer').read()); main()"

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4. Chromium Browser

The open source version of Google Chrome is Chromium Browser. If you like Chrome, use Chromium here. Its available in Software Center (Chrome isn’t).

via Software Center – apt://chromium-browser

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

5. Cairo Dock

Cairo-Dock is also known as GLX-Dock. Cairo-Dock is a pretty, light and convenient interface to your desktop, able to replace advantageously your system panel! It features multi-docks, taskbar, launchers and a lot of useful applets.

via Software Center – apt://cairo-dock

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cairo-dock-team/ppa

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:xubuntu-dev/xfce-4.10
sudo apt-get update ppa:cairo-dock-team/ppa
sudo apt-get install cairo-dock

6. Bluefish Editor

Bluefish is a powerful editor targeted towards programmers and web-developers, with many options to write websites, scripts and programming code. Bluefish supports many programming and markup languages.

via Software Center – apt://bluefish

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo apt-get install bluefish

7. Guake Terminal

Guake is a drop-down terminal for GNOME Desktop Environment, so you just need to press a key to invoke him, and press again to hide. Guake supports hotkeys, tabs, background transparent, etc.

via Software Center – apt://guake

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo apt-get install guake -y

8. qBittorrent

qBittorrent is a feature rich but lightweight client that is very similar to uTorrent. Although Ubuntu already contains pre-installed torrent client Transmission, qBittorrent provides a better interface and believe me you’ll find it very familiar.

via Software Center – apt://qbittorrent

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:hydr0g3n/qbittorrent-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qbittorrent

9. WINE

Wine is a compatibility layer for running Windows applications on Linux. Applications are run at full speed without the need of cpu emulation. Wine does not require Microsoft Windows, however it can use native system dll files in place of its own if they are available.

via Software Center – apt://wine1.4

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install wine

10. SteadyFlow

Steadyflow is a GTK+ based download manager that aims for minimalism, ease of use, and a clean, malleable codebase. It should be easy to control, whether from the GUI or command line.

via Software Center – apt://steadyflow

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:sikon/steadyflow
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install steadyflow

11. Thunderbird

Thunderbird is a full-featured email, RSS and newsgroup client that makes emailing safer, faster and easier than ever before. It supports different mail accounts (POP, IMAP, Gmail), has a simple mail account setup wizard, one- click address book, tabbed interface, an integrated learning spam filter, advanced search and indexing capabilities, and offers easy organization of mails with tagging and virtual folders.

via Software Center – apt://thunderbird

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

wget http://releases.mozilla.org/pub/mozilla.org/thunderbird/releases/24.3.0/linux-i686/en-US/thunderbird-24.3.0.tar.bz2 -O- | sudo tar xj -C /opt && sudo ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird

12. VirtualBox

Virtual Box can be used to create Virtual system. You must be familiar with this app from Windows if you ever needed such facility.

via Software Center – apt://virtualbox-qt

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox

13. Pidgin Messanger

Pidgin is a graphical, modular instant messaging client capable of using multiple networks at once. Currently supported are: AIM/ICQ, Yahoo!, MSN, IRC, Jabber/XMPP/Google Talk, Napster, Zephyr, Gadu-Gadu, Bonjour, Groupwise, Sametime, SIMPLE, MySpaceIM, and MXit.

via Software Center – apt://pidgin

via Terminal –

Open Terminal(Ctrl+Alt+T) and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pidgin-developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install pidgin

 

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Installing Ubuntu 14.04 on your PC

Ubuntu 14.04 aka ‘Trusty Tahr’ was released last month. This release is the new LTS i.e. Long-Term-Support-version from Canonical. Also Ubuntu is coming to mobiles which are expected to hit market later this year. So, for fans of WinXP or for the newbies I explain the process of installing Ubuntu in your PCs.

Downloading the ISO

Well, first thing to do is getting the image file of Ubuntu 14.04. You can either get it from some friends around you or you may download it. The links for downloading Ubuntu are:

Installing the OS

1. After downloading the image file, burn it to a CD or an usb. To make a bootable usb, you can download YUMI or rufus.

https://i0.wp.com/www.pendrivelinux.com/wp-content/uploads/YUMI-Boot-Menu.pnghttps://i2.wp.com/cloud.addictivetips.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Rufus-v1.1.3.146.png
2. Now insert the CD or connect the usb to your PC and give it a reboot.
3. If the system still boots from the Hard Disk, you must change the boot device priority. Observe carefully, some information regarding this is shown on the first screen your PC shows. It is either F8 or F10 or F12.
4. On booting from your device, it shows a menu. Simply choose Install Ubuntu. The Try Ubuntu option can be used for Live CD mode.


5. The next step verifies system requirements like space available on Hard Disk or Internet Connection. It also shows an option to download updates and install third party apps. Leave them for now as they can be performed later too.


6. This step actually chooses the way Ubuntu will be installed on your system. Well, it provides 4 modes:

  • Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu: This option is gonna erase all the data stored on hard-disk before installing Ubuntu. To save any, backup must be taken. This option must not be selected if you are planning for a Dual-Boot.
  • Encrypt the new Ubuntu installation for security: This option requires a security key and encrypts the physical data to save them in case the system may get stolen.
  • Use LVM with Ubuntu: It refers to Logical Volume Management and is strictly for experienced users. Of course you may try it, but on your own risk.
  • Something Else: It allows to choose the partitions on which to install Ubuntu. We are gonna choose this.

 

7. On this step, we need to give some space for Ubuntu to live in:

  • Root Partition: The ‘root’ is represented as ‘/’ and must be formatted ‘ext4’ with a minimum 20GB space.
  • Swap: The ‘swap’ is traditionally given space of 2*RAM size.
  • You may choose to give space for /boot or /home etc. (all ext4 formatted)

8. After distributing space, hit Install Now (if you had given a different partition for /boot choose it or else, choose ‘/’).

9. On this screen, choose your location. This affects your time-zone, so fill it correctly.

10. Choose the Keyboard layout.

11. Fill in the form and choose whether to encrypt the ‘/home’ folder or not.

12. There is nothing more to do. Just wait for completion of installation.

13. After completion of installation, restart the system.

Congratulations, you just installed the latest version of Ubuntu on your system. Everything should work fine.