What are some of the most mind-blowing facts about India?

Answer by Hanith Konkimalla:

This post is about Indian technological advancement in Thorium based nuclear power:
India has the world's largest Thorium deposits, enough to produce 500GWe of power, every year for 400 years, if you consider only the reserves that can be extracted economically.
Monazite powder is the source of world's most of the thorium. It looks like this.

Thorium deposits by state
Andhra Pradesh : 35 %
Tamil Nadu and Odisha : 15-20 %
Kerala and West Bengal : 10-15 %
Bihar : 0-5 %

And just a day back, India successfully tested its Thorium based reactor.

Also, India is the only country in the world to have the know-how of producing the Thorium based reactor.
Half the publications on Thorium in the world are from India.
India plans to build 60 of these nuclear reactors in the coming 10 years, thereby making the country self-sufficient in its energy needs.
There were also plans to implement this in automobile technology, thereby reducing the dependence on oil imports.
8 gm of thorium can power a car for 3 lakh miles.
The US automobile giant Cadillac has showcased its Thorium powered concept car which they claim can be refueled once a century.

A single bowling ball of Thorium has the same energy as the oil that can be fit in Knock Nevis, the world's largest oil tanker. It can carry up to 4 million barrels of oil at once.
Knock Nevis Size Comparison :

EDIT :  It is estimated that 64 lakh crores or 880 billion dollars worth of Thorium is illegally looted from the shores of Kerala.
The figures are different because they are taken from two independent estimates.
Shame the Indian congress bootlicking paid media does not show any of these.
EDIT 2 : Kamini at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu is the world's first and only U233 fuelled reactor.
KAMINI
KAlpakkam Mini Reactor (KAMINI)
Courtesy Kamya Chandrasekhar

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What are some of the mind blowing operations of India’s intelligence agency RAW?

Post by Chandra Prakash CP:

This is not about any of the operations which RAW did but one of the personality who worked with them.

Ravinder Kaushik,referred as Black Tiger.

He was born in Sri Ganganagar,Rajasthan on April 11, 1952. He was a famous theater artist and displayed his talent at the national level dramatic meet in Lucknow, which was witnessed by some officials of the Indian Intelligence Agency RAW. He was contacted and offered a job for being an undercover agent of India in Pakistan. At the age of 23,he was sent to Pakistan on a mission.
Ravinder Kaushik was recruited by RAW and was given extensive training in Delhi for two years. Sunnat (circumcision) was performed on him to show him as a Muslim. He was taught Urdu, given religious education and acquainted with the topography and other details about Pakistan. Being from Punjab-speaking Sri Ganganager, he was well versed in the language which is spoken in major part of Pakistan.

Now the Mind Blowing part:-

In 1975 he was sent to Pakistan and given the name Nabi Ahmed Shakir. He was successful in getting admission in Karachi University and completed his LLB. He joined Pakistan Army and became a commissioned officer and later was promoted to the rank of a Major,Now tell me,how awesome is that . He married a local girl Amanat, and became father of a girl.

From 1979 to 1983, while in military service, he passed on valuable information to RAW which was of great help to the Indian defense forces.
He was given the title of 'Black Tiger' by India's then home minister S.B. Chavan. Some testify that the title was conferred by then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
He spent 26 years of his life away from his home and family in Pakistan in very unfavourable conditions.

In September 1983, Indian intelligence agencies had sent an agent, Inyat Masiha, to get in touch with Black Tiger. But the agent was caught by Pakistan’s intelligence agencies and revealed Ravinder Kaushik's true identity.
Kaushik was then captured, tortured for two years at an interrogation centre in Sialkot. Ravinder was awarded death sentence in the year 1985. His sentence was later commuted to a life term by the Pakistan Supreme court.
He died in 2000.

You can actually measure the amount of sacrifice this Man has done.Not many people know about him,but its one hell of a heroic job that he did.

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What was the best thing that happened to the nation in the 2014 general election?

Answer by Varun Hrishikesh Sharma:

I would say no election ever created such an interest among people.

Few positive things were:

  • Highest voter turn-out.. Yes we Indians care for the country 🙂
  • Congress rout! Abki baar Antim Sanskaar!
  • BSP not getting any seats! Mayawati's elephant gave an egg 😀
  • No coalition dirt this time..

This election was the election of words.. Look what all these people said..

Nothing says “losing” like winning 71 seats in UP

Mr. Gowda, please fulfill your promise..

LOL

No comments.. Its his personal life, we cant interfere..

"Single largest Party!!" 😀

So whats your new name Lalu'ji?

Mr.Aiyar what will you sell now.?

nothing says “stumbling” like losing 22 seats to BJP in Bihar!

And more than all, I remember Dr.Abdul Kalam saying 2020 will be India's year.. With Modi Sarkar, I am hopeful that it will be a reality!

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What is the official view of India towards Tibet? How does it differentiate Tibet with Kashmir?

Answer by Vineet Menon:

Official Indian Stand towards Tibet:
In 1913-14, Britain to settle the border disputes between (India) Raj and China set up a triparty settlement involving China, Tibet and India. In this accord,

Tibetwas divided into Outer Tibet and Inner Tibet. Outer Tibet, which is Tibet proper, was declared to be autonomous region over which China was to have nominal sovereignty or suzerainty, whereas Inner Tibet which has sizeable Tibetan population was to be under the full sovereign control of China. Shimla conference also approved Indo-Tibetan border, which was named McMahon line after a British official,who played a key role in Shimla conference.

Representatives from India and Tibet agreed upon this settlement but China didn't ratified this proposal. When in 1947, India got it's independence, she inherited this accord along with other British legacies. So, the official view of India vis-a-vis Tibet is of an autonomous region under Chinese govt.

Difference between Kashmir and Tibet
The main difference between both is that during the formation of Union of India , all the 500+ princely states were given an option to either accede to Pakistan or India or to remain independent. Vallabhai Patel along with his secretary V.P. Menon glued together all the states to forge one political India. A few princely states remained in limbo about what to do even after India got independence on 15th Auguest 1947. One such state was the province of Jammu and Kashmir.

As the story goes, Pakistan resorted to dirty means to have Kashmir inside their international boundary. They sent soldiers dressed up as villagers to instigate a revolt against the then King of Kashmir, Maharaja Hari Singh. He requested Pt. Nehru, then Indian Prime Minister to drive away the insurgents back to Pakistan. Nehru at the suggestion of Patel asked Hari Singh to first sign the Instrument of Accession, to which he agreed, and thus began Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. So basically, Kashmir became a part of India as soon as the instrument was signed by the Hari Singh.

On the other hand, Tibet and China were intermittently under different rule, have different ethnicity and as per Shimla Accord have been given autonomous region in Chinese administration. The situation is more complicated because of two claimers of Chinese government,

the government of the PRC contends that it has had control over Tibet since the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).The government of the ROC, which ruled mainland China from 1912 until 1949 and now controls Taiwan, had a cabinet-level Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission in charge of the administration of Tibet and Mongolia regions from 1912.

Soon after British left the subcontinent, in 1950 China invaded Tibet also referred to as the Invasion of Tibet, the Chinese invasion of Tibet, or officially in China as the Liberation of Tibet or Battle of Chamdo. It was a military campaign by the People's Republic of China against a de facto independent Tibet in Chamdo after months of failed negotiations. The purpose of the campaign was to capture the Tibetan army in Chamdo,  demoralize the Lhasa government, and thus exert powerful pressure to  send negotiators to Beijing to sign terms recognizing Chinese  sovereignty over Tibet. And since then, Tibet is under Chinese occupation.

Sources :

  1. Tibet Factor in Sino-India Relations
  2. Political integration of India
  3. Tibetan sovereignty debate
  4. Battle of Chamdo

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What should every Indian know about China?

Answer by Balaji Viswanathan:

  1. China is thrice the size of India at about 9.6 million sq. km vs. 3.2 million sq. km with only a little more population than ours.
  2. Historically, the Chinese name for India was Tianzhu – meaning heaven. In return, Indians called them by chin (after their most glorious empire – Qin) that eventually got caught by rest of the world now.
  3. Although Indians incessantly talk & compare with China, the Chinese understandably don't compare themselves with India. It is because they want to emulate/compare themselves with Europe/US than a poorer country they have beaten in race since 1978. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/0… (everyone wants to be compared with someone better than them).
  4. Just like how we say Namaste (with folded hands), Chinese traditional greeting comprises of bowed head and folded palms.
  5. Whether it be gold buying, sending students abroad, scouting for resources in Africa/Latin America or wooing foreign investors both India and China compete vigorously to rank in 1 or 2.
  6. India's largest river – Brahmaputra originates in China (Tibet) and makes a complete 180-degree turn near India-China border to enter India in a spectacular fashion.There are constant rumors in India that China could dynamite the hill in the picture with nuclear weapons to redirect the river.

  7. Although India and China had very comparable economies through history, China is now 4 times as rich as India. ($7.5 trillion in GDP vs. $1.8 trillion in GDP). The biggest difference came since 1978 when China started its capitalistic reforms.
  8. Although India and China share 3380 km of land border, there are only 3 open trading posts between the two countries – Shipkila, Lipulkeh and Natu la.
  9.  (India-China border at Natu La in eastern India)

India and China had remarkably parallel histories.

  1. China was first unified in 221 BC under the Qin (chin) dynasty that had a  remarkable effect on their culture. India's equivalent occurred around  the same time with the Maurya dynasty that India's first Imperial  dynasty.
  2. China's greatest religious advancements were made in the 6th century BCE with Confucianism and Taoism, at the same time India was creating its philosophical religious movements – Buddhism, Jainism.
  3. Both nations hit their lowest points in 19th century during the colonial era. Both nations got liberated within 2 years of each other – Indian in August 1947 and China in October 1949. In their modern incarnation, both nations were first headed by socialistic leaders (Nehru and Mao) who fumbled with their economies.
  4. The father of modern China – Sun Yat Sen, was born only 3 years before Mahatma Gandhi – father of modern India.
  5. In both the nations, the biggest chunk of the population and historic empires were concentrated in north/east. However, in the modern era the economic forces have shifted towards south

Balaji Viswanathan's answer to China: What should everyone know about Chinese history?

Conflicts:

  1. India and China had their first and only war in 5000 years of coexistence in October 1962. It was a two week long war, when our border forces clashed in the Himalayas. Although India didn't lose any territory in the resounding defeat (the only military defeat that modern India has faced so far), the war opened India's minds to building a strong military force with nuclear capabilities. Balaji Viswanathan's answer to Sino-Indian War: Why did China invade India in 1962? China made a quick retreat as US was ready to use its nuclear weapons in aid of India. When Kennedy administration thought of using nukes against China.
  2. Presently there are two main contentious boundaries that India and China have.China and India both claim the shaded regions. While India controls the region on the right (Arunachal Pradesh), China controls the region on the West that is a pat of Kashmir.
  3. China is mainly divided into provinces (where Han Chinese are predominant) and autonomous regions that have significant non-Han population and have extremely rugged terrain.They also include in their map a few territories owned/claimed by India (in blue shade).

India and China have a signficant scope for collaboration as both nations are threatened by global terrorism, piracy and oil imports.

The future of both countries depend on how the dragon and elephant are able to get along with each other.

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