Research Papers: Where to find them?

For any researcher, scientist, and student a research paper is a piece of information needed for some research of their own or for study of newest technology, their flaws and corrections. They also provide information on history of concerned topic, or the course they followed before being in current form. Here I provide some really nice sites to fetch such great knowledge:

1. Microsoft Academic Search


Microsoft Academic Search is a free public search engine for academic papers and literature, developed by Microsoft Research for the purpose of algorithms research in object-level vertical search, data mining, entity linking, and data visualization. Although largely functional, the service is not intended to be a production web site and may be taken offline in the future when the research goals of the project have been met.

2. CiteSeerX


CiteSeer was a public search engine and digital library for scientific and academic papers, primarily in the fields of computer and information science that has been replaced by CiteSeerX. Many consider it to be the first academic paper search engine. It became public in 1998 and had many new features unavailable in academic search engines at that time.

3. arXiv


The arXiv (pronounced “archive”) is repository of electronic preprints of scientific papers in the fields of mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, quantitative biology, statistics, and quantitative finance, which can be accessed online. In many fields of mathematics and physics, almost all scientific papers are self-archived on the arXiv. Begun on August 14, 1991, passed the half-million article milestone on October 3, 2008.By 2012 the submission rate has grown to more than 7000 per month.

4. Google Scholar


Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Released in beta in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online journals of Europe and America’s largest scholarly publishers, plus scholarly books and other non-peer reviewed journals.

5. Journal Ranking


Journal ranking is widely used in academic circles in the evaluation of an academic journal’s impact and quality. Journal rankings are intended to reflect the place of a journal within its field, the relative difficulty of being published in that journal, and the prestige associated with it.

6. ResearchGate


ResearchGate is a social networking site for scientists and researchers to share papers, ask and answer questions, and find collaborators. Members are encouraged to share raw data and failed experiment results as well as successes, in order to avoid repeating their peers’ scientific research mistakes. Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates is among the company’s investors. ResearchGate announced in 2013 that the site had two million members.

Well, I would also mention which is a tough competitor of ResearchGate.

With so many sites to play with, I hope we will never be devoid of updated information and research papers. If you liked it, plz share and make others aware too…

0 A.D. : Free, Open-Source Real Time Strategy Game

Hello There…. Are You an Age of Empires fan…??? You must have been buying new editions every time it gets released…. or downloading pirated versions or using any of those ‘ways’… Now, piracy is a crime as you all know… and to complete a desire, we participate in such activities… not sane… But, no need now…

0 A.D. is a free (and for programmers out there-open source too, so plz volunteer) real-time strategy (RTS) game of ancient warfare. Now you all know the feel of leading ancient civs (and if you don’t, now is the time), developing a thriving city, building a massive army, contending for control of resources and land (and sea of course), and ultimately VICTORY!!!!! Hoya!!! You just changed the History…

By The Way, lets look at the exciting features this game brings with it:

  • Cross-platform: 0 A.D. is set to run on Windows, Linux and Mac OS X.
  • Unique civilizations: In 0 A.D. each civilization is unique in its appearance and gameplay, including units, structures, and technology trees.
  • Citizen soldiers: Some infantry and cavalry units can not only fight, but also gather resources and construct buildings, making them substantially more versatile than in typical RTS games.
  • Combat experience matters: The more time your citizen soldiers spend fighting your enemies, the higher they go up the ranks. With each rank, they become stronger, but they also get worse at civilian tasks.
  • Technology tradeoffs: Some technologies are arranged in pairs, and within each pair, you can only research one technology at most in each game. This choice is irreversible, so choose carefully!
  • Unit formations: Arrange your units in historical battle formations from the Phalanx to the Testudo and gain bonuses, such as increased armor. However, beware the costs that may come with them, such as lower speed!

And talking of Realism or Authenticity, you can take a guarantee on it:

  • Real world map realism: Random maps are based upon real geography of the ancient world with realistic plants, animals and terrain.
  • Authentic historical details: Designs of units, buildings and technologies all reflect the hallmarks of each civilization. We even give them names in the original ancient Greek, Latin, Punic, Celtic, etc.
  • Lifelike naval warfare: Ships will be on a much larger and more lifelike scale than seen in other games. They will move more realistically and even be able to ram other ships. (As of August 2012, this feature has not been implemented yet.)

Also, the feature of creating your own world has been incorporated:

  • Powerful map editor: Draw landscapes with a palette of hundreds of terrains, build majestic cities and set the position of the sun in the Atlas Editor, your tool to design intricately detailed maps in 0 A.D.
  • Excellent moddability: From new computer opponent behaviors to extra civilizations, easily create your own modifications (mods) of 0 A.D. by editing game files, all freely available in standard, open formats.

Now lets talk of people… without workers or soldiers or buildings which together make a faction, such a game has no meaning. So, lets take a tour of it. 0 A.D. is a time which never existed. So, in this imaginary time you get the chance to choose from 12 civilizations… each represented at the peak of its existence. A short description of all twelve have been given here: (For more, click here)

The Carthaginian Empire:

The sailors of Carthage were among the fiercest contenders on the high seas. The Punics were also masters of naval trade, extending their trade routes even beyond the pillars of Hercules and circumnavigating Africa. They deployed towered War Elephants on the battlefield to fearsome effect, and had defensive walls that could withstand years of siege.

The Celtic Tribes (Britons, Gauls):

A nimble yet powerful assortment of tribes, the Britons and Gauls were the antithesis of the rigid organization of Rome. A fierce horde of woad-painted Celtic warriors charging across the plains was a fearsome sight. Can you lead from the hill forts and sacred groves to victory?

The Hellenic States (Athenians, Spartans, Macedonians):

Sparta, Athens and Macedonia are at your command. As the fore-bearers of philosophy, democracy, geometry, and Hellenistic art and architecture, their contributions to civil society were ever lasting. However, do not discount the strength of their stone structures, the resolve of a hoplite in phalanx formation, or their historic ability to steal victory against seemingly insurmountable odds.

The Iberian Tribes:

The Iberians were fathers of the art of guerrilla warfare, capable of lightning strikes against an opponent, followed by an instant withdrawal. Beware their foot units, who not only move quickly but fire rapidly, particularly their Balearic Slingers. A number of their ranged units also had the unique ability to fire flaming missiles. Toledo steel grants them superior metal weaponry.

The Mauryan Empire:

Founded in 322 B.C. by Chandragupta Maurya, the Mauryan Empire was the first to rule most of the Indian subcontinent, and was one of the largest and most populous empires of antiquity. Its military featured bowmen who used the long-range bamboo longbow, fierce female warriors, chariots, and thousands of armored war elephants. Its philosophers, especially the famous Acharya Chanakya, contributed to such varied fields as economics, religion, diplomacy, warfare, and good governance. Under the rule of Ashoka the Great, the empire saw 40 years of peace, harmony, and prosperity.

The Achaemenid (Persian) Empire:

Cosmopolitan to the core, the Persian Empire levied a wide variety of troops from their vassal satrapies. Though their infantry were weak and poorly equipped, they could be massed in vast numbers. Their cavalry was strong and exotic yet expensive, and included the fearsome cavalry archer, camelry, mahout elephants, and scythed chariots. They were known for their lavish wealth, grand architecture and strong trade empire through the Silk Road.

The Roman Republic:

Rome evolved from a republic in Latium to a great conquering imperial powerhouse, sweeping across Europe, the western shores of the Mediterranean and North Africa. The Romans were notable for their regimented military, powerful siege engines, broad range of naval vessels, politics, and adaptation to change.

The Diadochi (Successor) States (Macedonians, Seleucids, Ptolemies):

The dissolution of Alexander’s Empire saw the rise of three chief successor states: The Seleucids in Syria and the Middle East, the Ptolemies in Egypt and Palestine, and the Macedonians in Greece. These states lasted as independent kingdoms for over 200 years until their absorption by the ever-growing Roman Republic. In that time, the Successors fought each other constantly, vying for expansion or glory.

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